Automatic Birdsong Splitting and Syllabic Analysis of Jalak Suren

Main Article Content

Agi Prasetiadi
Julian Saputra


The study of birdsong has received relatively limited attention in the field of artificial intelligence, despite its long-standing intrigue and the question of whether birds possess a form of language. Previous research has provided evidence suggesting the presence of structurally organized words recognized by birds, such as the strong reactions observed in Japanese tits and Pied babblers when exposed to specific sequences of artificially played calls. Altering the speed of a sequence also influences the birds' responses, further supporting the existence of organized linguistic units in avian vocalizations. In this study, we propose a novel approach for analyzing birdsong by employing automatic syllable segmentation and syllabic similarity analysis. Our focus is on the Jalak Suren species (Sturnus contra), renowned for its melodious song. Through the identification and categorization of distinct syllabic units in birdsong recordings, we investigate the statistical occurrence of these syllables within the sequence of birdsong. Our findings reveal remarkable similarities between the statistical occurrence of syllables in birdsong and those found in human language passages

Article Details

How to Cite
Prasetiadi, A., & Saputra, J. (2023). Automatic Birdsong Splitting and Syllabic Analysis of Jalak Suren. Journal of Informatics Information System Software Engineering and Applications (INISTA), 5(2), 144-154.


[1] A. J. Doupe and P. K. Kuhl, “Birdsong and human speech: Common themes and mechanisms,” Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol. 22, pp. 567-631, 1999.
[2] J. Podos and P. S. Warren, “The Evolution of Geographic Variation in Birdsong,” Advances in the Study of Behavior, vol. 37, pp. 403-458, 2007. [Online]. Available:
[3] M. C. Baker and M. A. Cunningham, “The biology of bird-song dialects,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 85-100, 1985.
[4] T. N. Suzuki, D. Wheatcroft, and M. Griesser, “Wild Birds Use an Ordering Rule to Decode Novel Call Sequences,” Current Biology, vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 2331-2336.e3, 2017. [Online]. Available:
[5] S. Engesser, A. R. Ridley, and S. W. Townsend, “Meaningful call combinations and compositional processing in the southern pied babbler,” in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 113, no. 21, pp. 5976-5981, 2016. [Online]. Available:
[6] J. B. Nuckolls, “The Case for Sound Symbolism,” Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 225-252, 1999. doi: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.28.1.225.
[7] S. F. Schmerling, Sound and Grammar: a Neo-Sapirian theory of language. Brill, 2018.
[8] K. de Jong, “Temporal constraints and characterising syllable structuring,” in Phonetic Interpretation: Papers in Laboratory Phonology VI, J. Local, R. Ogden and R. Temple, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 253-268. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511486425.015.
[9] F. Levy, “Mirror neurons, birdsong, and human language: a hypothesis,” Front. Psychiatry, vol. 2, pp. 78, Jan. 2012. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2011.00078.
[10] C. Bentz and D. Alikaniotis, “The word entropy of natural languages,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1606.06996, 2016.
[11] T. Angguni, Y. A. Mulyani, and A. Mardiastuti, “Bird species contested at songbird competition in Jabodetabek Region, Indonesia,” in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 762, no. 1, pp. 012014, 2021. [Online]. Available:
[12] “Google Trends for Jalak Suren.” [Online]. date=today%205-y&geo=ID&q=jalak,murai,lovebird,kenari&hl=id. [Accessed: 1-Jun-2023].
[13] B. Faghih and J. Timoney, “Smart-Median: A New Real-Time Algorithm for Smoothing Singing Pitch Contours,” Applied Sciences, vol. 12, no. 14, pp. 7026, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.3390/app12147026.
[14] M. C. Yesilli, J. Chen, F. A. Khasawneh, and Y. Guo, “Automated surface texture analysis via Discrete Cosine Transform and Discrete Wavelet Transform,” Precision Engineering, vol. 77, pp. 141-152, 2022. [Online]. Available:
[15] B. G. Osgood, “Lectures on the Fourier transform and its applications,” American Mathematical Soc., 2019.
[16] L. F. Costa, “Further generalizations of the Jaccard index,” arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.09619, 2021.